How Tiger Lilies Multiply: A Comprehensive Guide

Tiger lilies (Lilium lancifolium or Lilium tigrinum) are not only admired for their unique flowers but also for their ability to multiply and create stunning displays in gardens. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various methods through which tiger lilies can multiply and propagate. The information provided in this article is based on reputable sources such as The Spruce, TN Nursery, and Family Handyman.

Multiplication through Bulb Division

One of the primary methods of multiplying tiger lilies is through bulb division. This process involves carefully digging up the entire plant in either spring or fall and separating the individual bulbs for replanting as separate plants. Bulb division allows for the creation of new plants that can thrive and bloom independently.

Bulb division can be performed by following these steps:

  1. In either spring or fall, when the plant is dormant, dig up the entire tiger lily plant.
  2. Gently separate the bulbs, ensuring that each bulb has sufficient roots attached.
  3. Replant the separated bulbs at an appropriate depth, typically around 4 to 6 inches deep, in a location with well-draining soil and adequate sunlight.

Multiplication through Bulbils

Tiger lilies can also multiply through the formation of bulbils, which are small bulbs that develop along the stem of the plant at leaf axils. These bulbils can be removed and potted to propagate new plants. However, it is important to note that bulbils require an additional year of growth before they begin to bloom.

To propagate tiger lilies using bulbils, follow these steps:

  1. Identify mature bulbils that have formed along the stem of the tiger lily plant.
  2. Carefully remove the bulbils from the plant, ensuring that each bulbil has some roots attached.
  3. Plant the bulbils in individual pots or in a prepared garden bed, with the roots facing downwards and the bulbils positioned approximately 1/2 to 1 inch deep in the soil.
  4. Provide appropriate care and maintenance, including regular watering and suitable sunlight conditions, to promote healthy growth.

Growing Tiger Lilies from Seeds

In addition to bulb division and bulbils, tiger lilies can be grown from seeds. Seeds, also referred to as bulbils, can be collected from the parent plant after they have ripened. Planting these seeds in the fall, after they have ripened, or in the spring, once the danger of frost has passed, can lead to the successful propagation of new tiger lily plants.

To grow tiger lilies from seeds, follow these steps:

  1. Collect the mature seeds, or bulbils, from the parent plant.
  2. Prepare the planting site by ensuring the soil is well-draining and loose.
  3. Plant each seed, roots facing downwards, at a depth of approximately 1/2 to 1 inch in the soil.
  4. Provide consistent moisture and suitable sunlight conditions to support germination and growth.

It is important to note that growing tiger lilies from seeds may require patience, as it can take a few years for the plants to mature and produce blooms.

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FAQs

How Tiger Lilies Multiply: A Comprehensive Guide

Can tiger lilies multiply through bulb division?

Yes, tiger lilies can multiply through bulb division. By carefully digging up the entire plant in spring or fall and separating the individual bulbs, you can replant them as separate plants, allowing for multiplication and independent growth.

What are bulbils and how do tiger lilies multiply using them?



Bulbils are small bulbs that form along the stem of the tiger lily plant at leaf axils. Tiger lilies can multiply using bulbils by removing them from the plant and potting them separately. However, it’s important to note that bulbils require an additional year of growth before they begin to bloom.

Can tiger lilies be grown from seeds?

Yes, tiger lilies can be grown from seeds. Seeds, also known as bulbils, can be collected from the parent plant after they have ripened. Planting these seeds in the fall or spring can lead to successful propagation of new tiger lily plants.

How deep should tiger lily bulbils be planted?

Tiger lily bulbils should be planted approximately 1/2 to 1 inch deep in the soil. Ensure that the roots are facing downwards for proper growth and development.

How long does it take for tiger lilies grown from seeds to bloom?

Growing tiger lilies from seeds may require patience, as it can take a few years for the plants to mature and produce blooms. The exact time can vary depending on growing conditions and individual plant characteristics.

Can tiger lilies be multiplied through other methods?



While bulb division and bulbils are the primary methods of multiplication, tiger lilies can also be propagated through other means such as tissue culture and scaling, although these techniques are more commonly used in commercial production rather than home gardening.

Do tiger lilies require any special care during multiplication?

During multiplication, tiger lilies benefit from well-draining soil, adequate sunlight, and regular watering. It is important to provide the appropriate conditions for the bulbs or bulbils to establish and grow into mature plants.

How often do tiger lilies multiply?

Tiger lilies have a moderate growth rate and can multiply consistently if they are well cared for. With proper maintenance and favorable growing conditions, tiger lilies can multiply and create stunning displays in gardens year after year.