The Loyalty of Lennox in Macbeth

In William Shakespeare’s tragic play Macbeth, the character of Lennox, a Scottish nobleman, plays a notable role in the unfolding events. One of the questions that arises is whether Lennox remains loyal to Macbeth throughout the play. This article aims to examine Lennox’s loyalty and evaluate his actions and observations in relation to Macbeth’s rise to power and subsequent tyrannical rule.

Loyalty to King Duncan

At the beginning of the play, Lennox is portrayed as a loyal supporter of King Duncan. He accompanies the king to Macbeth’s castle following the victory over Scottish rebels, displaying his allegiance to the monarchy. Lennox’s initial loyalty is evident in his presence alongside Duncan during important events.

Doubts and Suspicions

However, Lennox’s loyalty wavers as the plot progresses. When he learns of Duncan’s murder, Lennox expresses dismay and suspicion. His reactions suggest that he harbors doubts about Macbeth’s involvement in the regicide. Lennox’s growing skepticism marks a significant shift in his perception of Macbeth and raises questions about his loyalty to the new king.

A Voice of Reason

Throughout the play, Lennox assumes the role of a moral compass and a voice of reason. His observations and comments shed light on Macbeth’s actions and serve as a contrast to the immoral behavior exhibited by Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. Lennox’s discerning nature and critical thinking become increasingly apparent as he becomes more vocal about his reservations regarding Macbeth’s rule.

Subtle Criticism

In Act III, Scene 6, Lennox engages in a conversation with another lord, using subtle criticism to express his concerns about Macbeth’s reign. He subtly questions Macbeth’s involvement in Duncan’s murder and Banquo’s death, hinting at the discrepancies between Macbeth’s public facade and his true nature. Lennox’s cautious remarks indicate his unwillingness to blindly accept Macbeth’s actions and his growing disillusionment with the king.


In conclusion, Lennox’s loyalty in Macbeth undergoes a transformation throughout the play. While initially loyal to King Duncan, he becomes increasingly skeptical of Macbeth’s rule and expresses doubts about his actions. Lennox assumes the role of a moral observer, providing valuable insights into the unfolding events and challenging the legitimacy of Macbeth’s reign. His critical observations and reservations showcase a character driven by reason and justice rather than blind loyalty. Lennox’s evolving loyalty and critical stance make him a significant figure in the play’s narrative, highlighting the contrast between his moral integrity and Macbeth’s descent into tyranny.


  • Shakespeare Navigator: “Characters: Lennox, a Scottish nobleman.” Link
  • Shakespeare Geek: “Lennox – Macbeth.” Link
  • CliffsNotes: “Macbeth: Summary & Analysis Act III Scene 6.” Link


What is Lennox’s relationship with Macbeth?

Answer: Lennox is a Scottish nobleman and a thane. He is a loyal subject of King Duncan and later of King Macbeth.

How does Lennox react to Macbeth’s murder of Duncan?

Answer: Lennox is horrified by Macbeth’s murder of Duncan. He suspects that Macbeth is responsible for the murder and he begins to plot against him.

Does Lennox ever confront Macbeth about the murder?

Answer: No, Lennox never directly confronts Macbeth about the murder. He is afraid of Macbeth’s power and he knows that he would be killed if he spoke out against him.

What role does Lennox play in the downfall of Macbeth?

Answer: Lennox plays an important role in the downfall of Macbeth. He joins forces with Macduff and other Scottish nobles to raise an army against Macbeth. He also helps to convince Malcolm, Duncan’s son, to return to Scotland and claim the throne.

What happens to Lennox after Macbeth’s death?

Answer: After Macbeth’s death, Lennox is crowned the new King of Scotland. He rules for many years and is a wise and just ruler.

What is Lennox’s personality like?

Answer: Lennox is a loyal, brave, and honorable man. He is also a skilled warrior and a wise counselor.

What are Lennox’s strengths and weaknesses?

Answer: Lennox’s strengths include his loyalty, bravery, and wisdom. His weaknesses include his fear of Macbeth and his inability to confront him directly.

What is Lennox’s legacy?

Answer: Lennox is remembered as a wise and just ruler who helped to restore peace and order to Scotland after the death of Macbeth.