On September 14, 1814, Francis Scott Key pens a poem which is later set to music and in 1931 becomes America’s national anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.” The poem, originally titled “The Defence of Fort M’Henry,” was written after Key witnessed the Maryland fort being bombarded by the British during the War of 1812.
What was The Star-Spangled Banner originally called?
Soon after, Thomas Carr of the Carr Music Store in Baltimore published the words and music together under the title “The Star Spangled Banner”, although it was originally called “Defence of Fort M’Henry”.
Who wrote The Star-Spangled Banner poem?
Francis Scott Key
On September 14, 1814, the Battle of Fort McHenry inspired Francis Scott Key to write “The Star-Spangled Banner.” The University of Michigan’s Mark Clague corrects some common myths about our national anthem.
What was the original purpose of The Star-Spangled Banner?
On September 14, 1814, U.S. soldiers at Baltimore’s Fort McHenry raised a huge American flag to celebrate a crucial victory over British forces during the War of 1812. The sight of those “broad stripes and bright stars” inspired Francis Scott Key to write a song that eventually became the United States national anthem.
How was The Star-Spangled Banner originally written?
Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star Spangled Banner” and its initial verse on the back side of a letter while watching the large American flag waving over the fort that morning. Back in Baltimore, he continued working until he had completed four verses (only one of which is commonly known today).
What is the forgotten verse of the Star Spangled Banner?
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave! A home and a Country should leave us no more? Their blood has wash’d out their foul footstep’s pollution. O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
What was the American anthem before 1931?
Despite the tune’s link to the British national anthem, “America” served as our de facto national anthem for a hundred years–until “The Star-Spangled Banner” became the official song in 1931.
Who changed the name of The Star-Spangled Banner?
Throughout the 19th century, “The Star-Spangled Banner” was regarded as the national anthem by most branches of the U.S. armed forces and other groups, but it was not until 1916, and the signing of an executive order by President Woodrow Wilson, that it was formally designated as such.
What is the oldest known anthem?
Oldest national anthem
The Wilhelmus was officially adopted as the national anthem in 1932, but it was written between 1569 and 1572. This makes it the oldest national anthem in the world.
What is the oldest song still sung today?
The Hurrian Hymn was discovered in the 1950s on a clay tablet inscribed with Cuneiform text. It’s the oldest surviving melody and is over 3,400 years old.
What is the most famous anthem in the world?
After the US’s The Star-Spangled Banner, La Marseillaise is probably the most instantly recognised national anthem in the world. It is certainly one of the most rousing.