What is Pico format?

The PICO (population, intervention, control, and outcomes) format [Table 1] is considered a widely known strategy for framing a “foreground” research question. [3] Sackett et al. pointed out that breaking the question into four components will facilitate the identification of relevant information.

What is a PICO question example?

Example PICO Questions

In school-age children (P), what is the effect of a school-based physical activity program (I) on a reduction in the incidence of childhood obesity (O) compared with no intervention (C) within a 1 year period (T)?

How do you write PICO?

These make up the four elements of the PICO model: Patient/ Problem, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome. The PICO process starts with a case scenario from which a question is constructed that is relevant to the case and is phrased in such a way as to facilitate finding an answer.

What is PICO format in nursing?

PICO stands for patient/population, intervention, comparison and outcomes.

What is PICO framework used for?

The PICO tool focuses on the Population, Intervention, Comparison and Outcomes of a (usually quantitative) article. It is commonly used to identify components of clinical evidence for systematic reviews in evidence based medicine and is endorsed by the Cochrane Collaboration [2].

How do I write a PICO question?

For ___________ does the use of _________________ reduce the future risk of ____________ compared with ______________? Are (Is) ________________ more accurate in diagnosing _______________ compared with ____________?

How do you introduce a PICO question?

An introduction to the PICOT format for clinicians – PMC.


  1. what are the important research questions in the field?
  2. what has been found?
  3. what areas need further exploration?
  4. would the proposed study fill a gap and better an understanding?

What are the six types of PICO questions?

Questions arise from 6 aspects of clinical work: Clinical evidence, diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, prevention and education.

What is an example of a background question?

Background questions ask for general knowledge about a condition, test or treatment. These types of questions typically ask who, what, where, when, how & why about things like a disorder, test, or treatment, or other aspect of healthcare. For example: What are the clinical manifestations of menopause?

What are some examples of EBP questions?

How would I describe the problem or a group of patients similar to mine? What main intervention, prognostic factor or exposure am I considering? Is there an alternative to compare with the intervention? What do I hope to accomplish, measure, improve or affect?

What do PICO and PICO represent?

PICO example for quantitative studies

The PICO (Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) framework is commonly used to develop focused clinical questions for quantitative systematic reviews. What are the characteristics of the patient or problem?

What is a PICO presentation?

A PICO presentation might be a Power Point presentation, a movie, an animation, or simply a PDF showing your research. A PICO session takes place at the PICO spot, where there is space for an audience in front of a screen as well as for a number of touch screen displays (PICO screens).