What is the festival La Guelaguetza?

The Guelaguetza [ɡelaˈɣetsa], or Los lunes del cerro (Mondays on the Hill), is an annual indigenous cultural event in Mexico that takes place in the city of OaxacaOaxacaOaxaca is in southwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Guerrero to the west, Puebla to the northwest, Veracruz to the north, and Chiapas to the east. To the south, Oaxaca has a significant coastline on the Pacific Ocean. The state is best known for its indigenous peoples and cultures.

What is the festival de la Guelaguetza and why is it celebrated?

The Guelaguetza is a festival of music, costumes, dances, and food, but it’s also a celebration of the mutual interdependence of people within a community. It’s a moment when Oaxacan culture can be appreciated at its best.

Why do people celebrate Guelaguetza?

It celebrates the importance in indigenous cultures of sharing, reciprocity, and extended community. “Guelaguetza,” from the Zapotec language, means “reciprocal exchanges of gifts and services,” and this is expressed in the shows.

What is the history of La Guelaguetza?

History and Origins

On its origin, the Guelaguetza was a Zapotec celebration of their corn goddess Xilonen. When the Aztecs conquered Oaxaca, the festival changed to worship now the Aztec goddess of corn Centeotl, but the tradition stayed pretty much unchanged.

When and where is Guelaguetza celebrated?

The Guelaguetza Festival, also called the Lunes del Cerro, or “Mondays on the Hill,” is celebrated in Oaxaca de Juárez on the last two Mondays of July.

Who celebrates La Guelaguetza?


Since the late 1980s, the LA-based Regional Organization of Oaxaca (ORO) has thrown a festival known as Guelaguetza — where local Oaxacans gather to to celebrate their heritage through music, dance, art, and food.

Where is the Guelaguetza celebrated?

state of Oaxaca, Mexico

Guelaguetza is a festival originating and exclusively from the southern state of Oaxaca, Mexico. It is considered one of the richest cultural festivities in Mexico as it celebrates the Indigenous diversity of the eight regions of the state, showcasing the different customs, foods, artistry and mezcal of those regions.

Will there be a Guelaguetza 2022?

About Guelaguetza

This 2022 turns 90 the maximum Oaxacan party. The Guelaguetza is the most important ethnic folk festival in America.

How long does the Guelaguetza last?

After cooking, you can freeze it and can keep it for up to 6 months. If you decide to store it the fridge, up to 6 days.

Who started Guelaguetza?

La Guelaguetza originated from the Mexica-Aztec conquest of Oaxaca, where the native Oaxacan worshiped the goddess of tender corn called Xilonen. Now a day the festival is dedicated to the goddess of corn called Centeotl.

Why is day of the Dead an important date for Oaxaca?

The Day of the Dead (or Dia de los Muertos) is a festival celebrated in Mexico on October 31, November 1 and November 2, 2022. During this time, locals believe that the veil between the world of the spirits and the living is lifted, so their deceased loved ones can travel back for a visit.

How does Oaxaca celebrate day of the Dead?

Families in Oaxaca spend the days prior to the Day of the Dead festival preparing the gravesite of the deceased. They clean the grave and begin to decorate it with flowers. During the celebrations, they gather in the cemetery at night to light candles and welcome their loved ones to visit.

What do the Zapotecs celebrate?

Zapotec Indians worshipped the goddess Huitzilopochotli with food, incense and flowers on a special holiday when the dead were believed to parade around their communities.

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