Definition of transhumance : seasonal movement of livestock (such as sheep) between mountain and lowland pastures either under the care of herders or in company with the owners.
What is the meaning of transhumance in geography?
transhumance, form of pastoralism or nomadism organized around the migration of livestock between mountain pastures in warm seasons and lower altitudes the rest of the year.
What is an example of transhumance?
A characteristic example is the movement of the Arab people the Baggara from western Sudan to the south during the dry period to appropriate pastureland and afterwards to the north during the rainy season to avoid the mud and biting insects and to take advantage of the brief vegetation of the semidry pastureland.
What is the process of transhumance?
Transhumant movement can be regarded as a form of nomadic pastoralism (Fernandez-Gimenez & Le Febre, 2006). Most basically, it involves the movement of people and their livestock between summer and winter pastures, aiming to secure grazing throughout the year.
What are the characteristics of transhumance?
Transhumance is characterised by the seasonal and recurring movement of livestock whereby seasonal grazing areas and routes for livestock movement are fixed. All grazing based livestock production systems including transhumance are constrained globally for a variety of reasons.
What is a transhumance in geography class 7?
Transhumance: It is a seasonal movement of people. People who rear animals move in search of new pastures according to changes in seasons.
What is the importance of transhumance?
There is a general consensus that transhumance is essential to maintaining ecological resilience of dryland ecosystems and ensuring livestock productivity (Niamir-Fuller 1999; Ayantunde et al. 2014).
What is the meaning Transhumant?
Definition of transhumance
: seasonal movement of livestock (such as sheep) between mountain and lowland pastures either under the care of herders or in company with the owners.
What is meant by transhumance Class 12?
The process of migration from plain areas to pastures on mountains during summers and again from mountain pastures to plain areas during winters is known as transhumance.
What is transhumance in history 11?
Complete answer: Option A, ‘seasonal movement of people with their livestock‘ is termed as transhumance where people seasonally move, i.e. in winters they move to valleys and in summers to mountains or mid altitudes. Transhumance is Latin word and comes from French where ‘trans’ means across and ‘humus’ means ground.
Which tribe is mainly related for transhumance?
The transhumant system is prevalent in the Himalayas, where there are several nomadic tribes, such as the Gujars, Bakarwals, Gaddis and Changpas, who rear sheep and goats under this system. The animals are moved to subalpine and alpine pastures during summer, while during winter they are grazed on adjoining plains.
What are the two types of transhumance?
Transhumance and nomadic pastoralism are two types of pastoralism.
|It is mainly practised in mountainous highlands and valleys.||It is practised in regions with arable lands.|
|Regular and predictable||Irregular and unpredictable|
Why do the people of Gaddi tribe do transhumance?
Transhumance that involves seasonal migration of humans along with their livestock is a means of livelihood and resource management for the Gaddi community of the Himalaya. They have been following it for centuries but now the practice is fast declining.