What challenges did the exodusters face?



For many Exodusters, the “promised land” of Kansas proved more punishing than they had hoped; the land was difficult to cultivate, and building homes and businesses with few resources proved challenging.

What were the consequences of the Exoduster movement?

One consequence of the Exoduster movement was the problems they had when they reached Kansas, for example, the best quality land had already been taken by white Homesteaders and ranchers. This meant the Exodusters ended up with poor quality land that was difficult to farm.

What happened to the Exodusters?

The majority of Exodusters settled in Kansas, but many settled in what would become Oklahoma, Colorado, Ohio, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, New Mexico, Arizona, and Montana.

What were some of the challenges faced by former slaves after the war?





they needed jobs and housing to support themselves and their families. In addition, many former slaves could not read or write. In 1865 African-Americans could not legally vote in most states and did not have citizenship or the legal protections that came with it.

What were the Exodusters trying to escape from?

Thousands of African-Americans made their way to Kansas and other Western states after Reconstruction. The Homestead Act and other liberal land laws offered blacks (in theory) the opportunity to escape the racism and oppression of the post-war South and become owners of their own tracts of private farmland.

Was the Exoduster movement successful?

The most successful of the Exodusters were those who moved to urban centers and found work as domestic or trade workers. Almost all of the Exodusters who attempted to homestead in the countryside settled in the Kansas uplands, which presented the most formidable obstacles to small-scale farmers.

What did the Exodusters do and why?





The Exodus of 1879 was the first mass migration of African Americans from the South after the Civil War. These migrants, most of them former slaves, became known as exodusters, a name which took inspiration from the biblical Exodus, during which Moses led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt and into the Promised Land.

Why did the Exodusters choose to migrate?

Tenant farmers as they were now called often couldn’t make enough to provide for their families. It was quite rare for a southern black to own his land. In addition violence upon blacks was increasing. Many families began to look for ways to leave the South.

Why did Exodusters move to the plains?

These hardships, combined with rumors of free transportation, free land, and even monetary gifts, led to a massive migration of African Americans to the Great Plains during the late 1870s.

Who led the Exoduster movement?

Two of the most prominent figures to emerge as leaders of this movement were Benjamin Singleton of Tennessee and Henry Adams of Louisiana.

What is one reason the Exodusters were willing to leave the South?



Beginning in the mid-1870s, as Northern support for Radical Reconstruction retreated, thousands of African Americans chose to leave the South in the hope of finding equality on the western frontier.

What impact did westward expansion have on slavery?

The westward expansion carried slavery down into the Southwest, into Mississippi, Alabama, crossing the Mississippi River into Louisiana. Finally, by the 1840’s, it was pouring into Texas. So the expansion of slavery, which became the major political question of the 1850’s, was not just a political issue.

Why did the Exodusters choose to migrate?

Tenant farmers as they were now called often couldn’t make enough to provide for their families. It was quite rare for a southern black to own his land. In addition violence upon blacks was increasing. Many families began to look for ways to leave the South.