What did the Vichy government do?

Conversely, Vichy France became a collaborationist regime. Germany kept two million French prisoners-of-war and imposed forced labour (service du travail obligatoire) on young French men.

What happened at Vichy?

U.S. and British forces landed in North Africa; the main units of the French fleet were scuttled by their crews at Toulon to prevent their falling into German hands; and on November 11, 1942, Germany occupied the whole of France and disbanded the “armistice army” of Vichy.

Who were the Vichy government?

The German troops occupied the northern half of the country, taking 2 million French soldiers as prisoners of war, while the French government worked from its new base in Vichy, a spa city in the center of the country.

Why did the Vichy French fight?

[iv] Vichy France—concerned that inaction against the Allies would bring further German punishment—found itself compelled to conduct a defense of Lebanon and Syria against Allied forces invading from Palestine. On 8 June, the Allied invasion commenced.

When did the Vichy government fall?

Government of Vichy France

French State État français
• Operation Torch 8 November 1942
• Case Anton 11 November 1942
• German retreat Summer 1944
• Disestablished 9 August 1944

What is Vichy famous for?

Vichy is renowned as one of the largest spas in France. The town, largely modern and with a profusion of hotels, is separated from the river by parks surrounding the two extensive bathing establishments. Known to the Romans as Vicus Calidus, Vichy acquired fame for its alkaline springs in the 17th century.

Did Vichy France fight the British?

Britain and Vichy France never officially declared war on each other. But from the fall of France in June 1940 until November 1942 – when, after Operation Torch, the British-American forces invaded and took over French North Africa – they came to blows on air, land and sea.

Was Vichy France Allied with Germany?

Hitler was impressed with Petain’s commitment to defend the French Empire. False rumours abounded that France had made major concessions regarding colonies and German control of French ports and the French fleet. Vichy France never joined the Axis alliance, however.

Why was Vichy chosen?

“The people of Vichy never sought the regime. The regime chose Vichy because it was a summer holiday capital for the rich and famous with lots of hotel rooms and the only international telephone exchange outside Paris. Many Vichy residents suffered terribly under the regime.

What did Vichy mean?

Vichy in American English

1. a sparkling mineral water from springs at Vichy. 2. a natural or processed water like this.

What does Vichy mean in history?

[ (vish-ee, vee-shee) ] The government of France after Germany defeated and occupied it at the beginning of World War II (see fall of France); Vichy, the capital, is a small city in central France. The Vichy government was essentially a puppet of the Germans.

What happened at the Battle of Britain?

Germany’s failure to defeat the RAF and secure control of the skies over southern England made invasion all but impossible. British victory in the Battle of Britain was decisive, but ultimately defensive in nature – in avoiding defeat, Britain secured one of its most significant victories of the Second World War.

What did Vichy mean?

Vichy in American English

1. a sparkling mineral water from springs at Vichy. 2. a natural or processed water like this.