What scales and or modes are used in rebetiko?

What are the themes of rebetika?

A sort of outlaw blues, rebetiko typically dealt with themes of exile, loss of family, wandering the streets after dark, taking drugs and drinking to excess, unrequited love, imprisonment and death.

What instruments are used in rebetiko?

The core instruments of rebetiko, from the mid-1930s onwards, have been the bouzouki, the baglamas and the guitar. Other instruments included accordion, politiki (Constantinopolitan) lyra (sometimes other lyra were used), clarinet, kanonaki, oud, santur, violin and finger-cymbals.

What are the rebetiko rhythms?

The two most common rhythms in rebetika are the compound 9/8 zeïbekiko and the 2/4 hasapiko. The 4/4 tsifteteli is also reasonably common.

What are the characteristics of rebetiko?

Migration, persecution, poverty, unemployment, misfortune, social injustice, prostitution and drug abuse are some of the characteristics of a long period in the lives of this social group. Issues which along with love, maternity and passion became the rebetiko themes.

What is Greek rebetiko music?

Rebetiko is a musical and cultural expression directly linked to song and dance that initially spread among the urban lower and working-class populations in the early twentieth century. Rebetiko songs are now a standardized repertoire in almost every social occasion involving music and dance.

What is the most famous rebetiko?

Rebetiko musician Markos Vamvakaris has released some of the most iconic and well-loved songs in the genre and was even known as the “Patriarch of Rebetiko.” Born in 1905 to a Roman Catholic family on the island of Syros, where there is a sizable population of Catholics, Vamvakaris led an adventurous and unique life.

What are the main themes of Folsongs?

Most folk music does not have such a strong national focus, though it may have an easily identifiable national character. Instead some folk songs may tell a simple story (such as “boy meets girl”) or express universal themes such as love or regret.

What is the origin of rebetika?

Rebetiko is basically an umbrella term, comprising several forms of music that evolved in Greece and Greek speaking parts of the Ottoman Empire during the mid and late 19th century, until they unified in the early 20th century to form the distinctive sound that is associated with the rebetiko today.

What is the meaning of rempetika?

Rembetika (pronounced [reˈbetika]) is the plural of rembetiko. Rembetiko is beyond a genre of music; rather it is a state of mind. Culture, tradition and expression of social concerns are combined to form the lines and ideas behind the rembetiko song.

What are the origins of Rembetika?

Rembetika music is the music of the Greek Underground. It originated in the hashish dens of Pireaus and Thessaloniki around the turn of the 20th century and was influenced by oriental elements that came with the forced immigration of 2 million Greek refugees from Asia Minor.

What does rebetiko mean in slang?

The word rebetiko is derived from a Turkish root: rebet, meaning rebellious or disobedient.

Where can I listen to rebetiko in Athens?

Exarchia is a popular place to find rebetika all week. Stelios Papadopoulos (bouzouki). Make sure to drop by Feidiou 2 for a genuine rebetiko experience while in Athens.