Why are some Beethoven works given names like WoO 40 or Hess 238?

What does WoO stand for Beethoven?

Werke ohne Opuszahl

Werke ohne Opuszahl (“Works without opus number”) (WoO), also Kinsky–Halm Catalogue, is a German musical catalogue prepared in 1955 by Georg Kinsky and Hans Halm, listing all of the compositions of Ludwig van Beethoven that were not originally published with an opus number, or survived only as fragments.

What are the 3 different periods of Beethoven’s work?

Three Periods

  • Early period (until 1802) In the early period, Beethoven uses the language of Viennese classicism established by earlier composers, above all Haydn and Mozart.
  • Middle period (1802-1812)
  • Late period (1812-1827)

How are symphonies named?

While most symphonies have a number, many symphonies are known by their (nick)name. This article lists symphonies that are numbered and have an additional nickname, and symphonies that are primarily known by their name and/or key.

Why does classical music have the key in the name?

Before about 1800 it was unusual for composers to name their works other than stating what sort of pieces they were – such as symphony, gigue, mass and so on. So people and probably publishers added the key to the name, such as Mass in B minor, to distinguish it from other masses by the same person.

Why do they call it WoO WoO?

Where does woo-woo come from? Woo-woo is first recorded in the 1980s, used to mock beliefs associated with the likes of New Age culture. The term may have originated as an imitation of the sound of the theremin in horror and sci-fi films and TV, or of the spooky noises associated with ghosts and the supernatural.

Where does the expression WoO come from?

Etymology 1

From Middle English wowen, woȝen, from Old English wōgian (“to woo, court, marry”), of uncertain origin. Cognate with Scots wow (“to woo”). Perhaps related to Old English wōg, wōh (“bending, crookedness”), in the specific sense of “bend or incline (some)one toward oneself”.

What was unique about Beethoven’s style?

Beethoven expanded the formal and emotional scope – not to mention length – of nearly every genre in which he wrote. While he is most famous for his heightening of the symphonic form, Beethoven also had a dramatic influence on the piano sonata, violin sonata, string quartet and piano concerto, among several others.

What is considered Beethoven’s greatest work?

Beethoven’s ‘Eroica’ Symphony completed in 1804, changed the musical world and is perhaps his defining work.

What is Beethoven’s symphony No 3 called?

Symphony Eroica

Beethoven called his Third Symphony Eroica (“Heroic”). The Eroica is two hundred years old yet still seems modern. In this symphony Beethoven began to use broad strokes of sound to tell us how he felt, and what being alive meant to him. The piece caused a sensation and changed the idea of what a symphony could be.

Why does Fur Elise have a WoO number?

So, in this case, WoO 59 means that Für Elise was the 59th bagatelle to be published that hadn’t been given a number by Beethoven himself.

What does pitch WoO mean?

Court, make love to, flatter

Court, make love to, flatter, as in They sat on the porch swing, pitching woo, or He’s an excellent salesman, adept at pitching woo. This idiom, which may be obsolescent, uses pitch in the sense of “talk.” [ Slang; early 1800s]

What is WoO in piano?

WoO is an abbreviation for Werke ohne Opuszahl, which is German for ‘works without opus numbers’. This is most often seen in reference to the output of Beethoven.