Lewis Terman, a professor of psychology at Stanford University, began studying “geniuses,” or people with an IQ of 140 or greater, shortly after World War I. His research focused primarily on children, 1,470 of which he followed closely over his lifetime.
What did Terman conclude about intellect and achievement outliers?
Terman eventually concluded that “intellect and achievement are far from perfectly correlated.”
Who are famous outliers?
- Christopher Langan. A one-time game show contestant who many believe to be the smartest man in America. …
- Bill Joy. A cofounder of Sun Microsystems whose work transformed UNIX software still used today. …
- Joe Flom. …
- Lewis Terman. …
- Louis Borgenicht. …
- Bill Gates.
Who were the Termites in outliers?
In the book Outliers (2008) by Malcolm Gladwell, “Termites” are the group of young geniuses who were the subjects of one of the most famous psychological studies in history. The study was conducted by Lewis Terman, a young professor of psychology at Stanford University. Terman’s specialty was intelligence testing.
What was Terman’s error?
However, Gladwell suggests that Terman was wrong about his termites – he made an error because he didn’t understand what a real outlier was. Over the years an enormous amount of research has been done in an attempt to determine how a person’s performance in an IQ test translates to real life success.
What did Terman expect to happen to his Termites in outliers?
Terman believed IQ was of central importance to achievement and attainment. He thus hypothesized that when the Termites grew up they would become great—they would be policy makers, Nobel laureates, famous professors, or great artists.
What is practical intelligence outliers?
Psychologist Robert Sternberg calls the ability to persuade someone “practical intelligence.” It involves knowing what to say, how to say it, and when. It requires an ability to read situations.
What is the point of the threshold effect outliers?
Geniuses are outliers—they are outside the norm when it comes to intelligence. Higher intelligence certainly can lead to greater success. However, differences in achievement based on intelligence level out at some point. This is the threshold effect.
Who was Lewis Terman and what did he study?
He was noted as a pioneer in educational psychology in the early 20th century at the Stanford Graduate School of Education. He is best known for his revision of the Stanford–Binet Intelligence Scales and for initiating the longitudinal study of children with high IQs called the Genetic Studies of Genius.
What does he mean when he suggests that IQ reaches a point of diminishing returns after reaching 130?
It is the idea that once you reach a certain IQ point, it no longer matters how high it is. Someone with an IQ just reaching the genius level and someone else with an astoundingly high IQ is both just as likely at success.
What is a divergence test outliers?
a brick 2. a blanket. This is an example of what’s called a “divergence test” (as opposed to a test like the Raven’s, which asks you to sort through a list of possibilities and converge on the right answer). It requires you to use your imagination and take your mind in as many different directions as possible.
What is the difference between divergence and convergence testing?
The difference between the two types of tests is that divergence tests provide certain conditions for divergent series, while convergence tests provide certain conditions for convergent series. Divergence tests can never test for convergence, and convergence tests can never test for divergence.
How do you test for divergence?
If an infinite series converges, then the individual terms (of the underlying sequence being summed) must converge to 0. This can be phrased as a simple divergence test: If limn→∞an either does not exist, or exists but is nonzero, then the infinite series ∑nan diverges. Otherwise, the test is inconclusive.